Three Claims, Four Validities


  1. Summarize general ideas from scholarly sources.
  2. Paraphrase research-based information.
  3. Apply in-text citations to writing according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Topic 2 DQ 1

Assessment Description

Recall the three types of claims and the four big validities. Explain which validities are most relevant for each of the three types of claims. Researchers do not usually aim to achieve all four of the big validities at once, why not?

Topic 2 DQ 2

Assessment Description

What is the difference between the conceptual variable and the operational definition of a variable? How might the conceptual variables “affection,” “intelligence,” and “stress” be operationalized by a researcher?

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