Political Philosophy

Assignment 5 is below and in the ASSIGNMENTS Folder; all readings are in the READINGS & NOTES Folder in COURSE MATERIALS
Write a 3-page (minimum) essay, double-spaced, based on ONE specific topic from those below (i.e. Plato, Aristotle, Social Contract, Utilitarianism etc.):
How does the theory of … define justice? What are the strengths and weaknesses of the theory in helping us understand what justice is?
In the essay please follow these guidelines
1) Use Chapter 5 “Justice” from David Miller – Political Philosophy. A Very Short
Introduction as your starting point. It sees justice in various ways, familiar from your
previous assignments in the course, and you should make reference to the following themes in your essay:
–Punishment/loss & reward/benefit
–Rendering each his/her due
–How individuals are treated in a non-arbitrary and consistent way both as individuals (over time) and in comparison with others (when the circumstances are the same: situation, relevance, proportion, equality)
–Following rules, laws, procedures
–Respect for persons
–Fair distribution of benefits, rewards, goods, burdens, punishments
2) You may restrict yourself to criminal justice OR social justice in your topic (the Punishment topic obviously is already restricted in this way to criminal justice alone)
3) Make sure to see as many of the videos and read as many of the suggested readings for your chosen topic as possible. You must show evidence via quotation that you have watched at least ONE video and read at least ONE of the readings. Do NOT quote at length.
Integrate short quotations into your own writing or paraphrase. References should be to time (in the videos) and page numbers where given (for texts). (Optional Readings are to be found below at the end of the assignment under GENERAL)

4) Deadline is Dec 13th. You may submit a draft at any time before Dec 6th. I will be placing drafts on a discussion board and asking for comments, advice, questions (this will be graded).

TOPICS, choose one
(All readings can be found in Course Materials)

Rawls – Welfare Liberalism
How to Make Fair Laws: John Rawls and the Veil of Ignorance https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GuY79IKLO5U&t=31s&ab_channel=ThinkingAboutStuff POLITICAL THEORY – John Rawls

  1. John Rawls & The Principles of Justice https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T7A9rbCwVmI&ab_channel=MarkThorsby John Rawls on Distributive Justice https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jmmwc59iQhE&ab_channel=NathanSasser Distributive Justice pt 1 – Rawls vs Egalitarianism

Colin Farrelly – An Introduction to Contemporary Political Theory (2003), Chap 1

Frank Lovett – Rawls’s A Theory of Justice. A Reader’s Guide (Bloomsbury Continuum 2011), Chaps. 1 & 2

Nozick – Libertarianism / Capitalism
Week 3 Part 7, Justice and Social Justice: Robert Nozick https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BA38VC3rmvs&ab_channel=Dr.B%27sHistoryofSWclass Nozick on Distributive Justice https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KKL767suFFo&ab_channel=NathanSasser
Robert Nozick, Libertarianism https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bEM60vD6AoQ&ab_channel=MikePankrast

  1. Robert Nozick on Distributive Justice https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ubBzq7jqJko&ab_channel=MarkThorsby

Jeppe von Platz – Theories of Distributive Justice (Routledge 2020), Chap. 4
open Jeppe von Platz – Theories of Distributive Justice (Routledge 2020) here

Colin Farrelly – An Introduction to Contemporary Political Theory (2003), Chap 2
open Colin Farrelly – An Introduction to Contemporary Political Theory (2003) here (link)

Plato & Aristotle on Social Justice Video & Lesson Transcript Study com https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uzyMCFgu5kE&ab_channel=MikeHollandPlato:
Justice and Thrasymachus
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T-DYASa8ORc&ab_channel=JamesHall Plato: Is the Unjust Life Better?
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h_7uxQvMNfU&t=125s&ab_channel=JamesHall Plato: The Benefits of a Just Life https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9cLKTZnrwQk&ab_channel=JamesHall
Plato: Justice in the City https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_CoS3EMxXxQ&ab_channel=JamesHall Plato: Tripartite Theory of the Soul https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jbsr9tWwcVE&ab_channel=JamesHall Reading:
Thomas Thornburg – Plato’s Republic (Cliff’s Notes). pp. 1-55
open Thomas Thornburg – Plato’s Republic (Cliff) here

Luke Purshouse – Plato’s Republic. A Reader’s Guide (Continuum 2006), pp. 16-35; 62-67; 117-23
open Luke Purshouse – Plato’s Republic. A Reader’s Guide (Continuum 2006) here

Aristotle (Virtue Ethics)
Aristotle’s Model of Justice https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=052qLyfEN50&ab_channel=DanielBonevac Ethics 2310, Aristotle , Nicomachean Ethics Book 5
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rLj0oUzdtAM&ab_channel=RichardTaylorCourse%26Lectu reVideos
Aristotle’s “Nicomachean Ethics” Book V – Justice https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8MygBaBOz1I&t=165s&ab_channel=MarkThorsby

Aristotle. Ethics. (SparkNotes). Book V, pp. 20-22
open Aristotle. Ethics. SparkNotes here

Aristotle. Politics. (SparkNotes). Book III-V, pp. 13-22
open Aristotle. Politics. SparkNotes here

Christopher Warne – Aristotle’s ‘Nicomachean Ethics’. A Reader’s Guide (Continuum 2006), pp. 72-79
open Aristotle. Ethics. SparkNotes here

Aquinas & the Christian View of Justice (Natural Law)
Natural Law Theory: Crash Course Philosophy #34 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r_UfYY7aWKo&ab_channel=CrashCourse Thomas Aquinas and Natural Law | Political Philosophy
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KMp-MxCxd6Y&t=11s&ab_channel=PoliticalPhilosophy The Cardinal Virtue of Justice according to St. Thomas Aquinas- An introduction
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dUUmbENAR88&t=201s&ab_channel=StudytheSummawit hDavePalmer
Justice • This Is the Bible’s Radical View https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A14THPoc4-4&t=315s&ab_channel=BibleProject
God of Justice & Mercy | Jared Longshore, Tom Ascol, Virgil Walker, Darrell Harrison, Voddie Baucham
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=41qKFURMags&ab_channel=FoundersMinistries Reading
Giovanni Cucci – Thomas Aquinas on Justice
open Giovanni Cucci – Thomas Aquinas on Justice here

Eleonore Stump – Aquinas (Arguments of the Philosophers), Chap. 10, pp. 309-338
open Eleonore Stump – Aquinas (Arguments of the Philosophers) here

Social Contract (you may choose either Hobbes or Locke or both)

  1. Hobbes & Social Contract
    Contractarianism: Crash Course Philosophy #37 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Co6pNvd9mc&ab_channel=CrashCourse Contractarianism: Its attractions and problems https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=83VFlW2BOSA&ab_channel=daradoree Thomas Hobbes – Leviathan | Political Philosophy
    Leviathan by Thomas Hobbes 1-14
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mLfGzo3HmCU&list=PLz_ZtyOWL9BTsIszRXNp8ZIrEL XVWTMle&ab_channel=CourseHero
    Thomas Hobbes. Leviathan (Sparknotes) Book 1-2, pp. 14-31
    open Thomas Hobbes. Leviathan.Sparknotes here

Russ Shafer-Landau – The Fundamentals of Ethics. 4th ed. (Oxford University Press 2017), Chaps. 13 & 14

Celeste Friend – Social Contract Theory (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
open Celeste Friend – Social Contract Theory (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy) here

  1. Locke & Social Contract & Property
    Justice 04 Locke on Property https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vldlRtrqcnU&ab_channel=AllanBeever%3ALearningLaw Locke I State of Nature
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MesAL-oinm4&t=11s&ab_channel=DavidSelby Locke II Property and Distributive Justice https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N65Rc9Foqh4&ab_channel=DavidSelby
  2. Introduction to John Locke’s Political Philosophy https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nbnmtWtCABI&t=1203s&ab_channel=MarkThorsby POS 201: Lecture 6-Hobbes & Locke, Liberalism, Natural Rights, Consent https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y-Q0KuVQq48&ab_channel=RobertGlover
    John Locke. Two Treatises (Sparknotes), Chaps 1-19, pp. 1-25
    open John Locke. Two Treatises.Sparknotes here

Russ Shafer-Landau – The Fundamentals of Ethics. 4th ed. (Oxford University Press 2017), Chaps. 13 & 14

Celeste Friend – Social Contract Theory (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
open Celeste Friend – Social Contract Theory (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy) here

Kant & Deontology
Kant’s Categorical Imperative (Deontology) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kHwt4_2p2Go&ab_channel=ThinkingAboutStuff Kant & Categorical Imperatives: Crash Course Philosophy #35 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8bIys6JoEDw&ab_channel=CrashCourse
Kant’s Moral Theory: Fairness and Justice

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzBrI-7uupU&ab_channel=JoelBHunter Kant’s Moral Theory (Part 1 of 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W_Q8cNzjTv0&ab_channel=teachphilosophy Kant’s Moral Theory (Part 2 of 2) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KQqcD3_3_Y8&ab_channel=teachphilosophy Immanuel Kant’s Moral Theory – a summary with examples https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V-j1uKrN-aU&ab_channel=JeffreyKaplan

James Rachels, Stuart Rachels – The Elements of Moral Philosophy. 9th ed. (McGraw-Hill 2018), Chap. 10 “Kant”

Russ Shafer-Landau – The Fundamentals of Ethics. 4th ed. (Oxford University Press 2017), Chap. 11 & 12

Utilitarianism: Crash Course Philosophy #36
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-a739VjqdSI&t=8s&ab_channel=CrashCourse Utilitarianism https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03ESwNlyG8k&t=1031s&ab_channel=JeffreyKaplan Week 2: Consequentialism https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rVZNCkd_Kcw&ab_channel=PurdueGMISummer13

John Stuart Mill – Utilitarianism (Sparknotes), Chap. 5 pp. 14-18
open John Stuart Mill – Utilitarianism.Sparknotes here

Peter Singer, Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek – Utilitarianism. A Very Short Introduction, Chap. 5

Henry R. West – Mill’s ’Utilitarianism’. A Reader’s Guide (Bloomsbury 2007), pp. 89-121
open Henry R. West – Mill’s ’Utilitarianism’. A Reader’s Guide (Bloomsbury 2007) here

Why Should We Punish? Theories of Punishment https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gNJ096J-ngo&ab_channel=ThinkingAboutStuff PHILOSOPHY – Punishment 5: Retributivist Justifications of Punishment https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t_L_2kDBf-g
PHILOSOPHY – Punishment 6: Non-Retributivist Justifications of Punishment https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fxfzp_qqWLw
PHILOSOPHY – Punishment 8: Proportionality in Punishment https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kV-29qu1fcE
Classical Theories of Crime | Beccaria, Bentham, & Deterrence
Deterrence Theory and Rational Choice Theory https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q0bmCC8vFDg&ab_channel=Dr.Behl The Utilitarian Theory of Punishment https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FuZYa98dGRo
[Utilitarianism https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=03ESwNlyG8k&t=961s ] What is Restorative Justice (Full)

Module 7. Punishment—Retribution, Rehabilitation, open Module 7. Punishment—Retribution, Rehabilitation, here

Thom Brooks – Punishment. A Critical Introduction (Routledge 2021), Part 1

[Background for Module 7, these do NOT count as readings
Chapter 1 Early History of Punishment open Chapter 1 Early History of Punishment here

Chapter 2 Early Corrections] open Chapter 2 Early Corrections here

The section below entitled GENERAL can be found after the TOPICS. It is NOT one of the topics. You do NOT have to either read or refer to the readings you will find there. However, you will find very useful material there relevant to justice in general and your chosen topic, including chapters specifically on authors and themes from the Topics.
[For an explanation of the Lorenzetti fresco David Miller mentions at the beginning of Chapter 5 https://smarthistory.org/ambrogio-lorenzetti-palazzo-pubblico-frescos-allegory-and-effects-of-go od-and-bad-government/]

Richard J. Arneson – Justice (The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy)

Andrew Clapham – Human Rights. A Very Short Introduction, Chap. 1

Michael Freeden – Liberalism. A Very Short Introduction, Chap. 6

George W. Matthews – Introduction to Philosophy. Ethics

open George W. Matthews – Introduction to Philosophy. Ethics here

James Rachels, Stuart Rachels – The Elements of Moral Philosophy, 7th edition

Russ Shafer-Landau – The Fundamentals of Ethics. 4th ed. (Oxford University Press 2017)

Raymond Wacks – Justice. A Beginner’s Guide (Simon and Schuster 2017)
open Raymond Wacks – Justice. A Beginner’s Guide (Simon and Schuster 2017) here

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