Diabetes in US Children and Adults

For each thread, students must support their assertions with at least 2 scholarly citations in AMA format. Any sources cited must have been published within the last five years. Acceptable sources include peer-review articles, the textbook, professional organizations (e.g., CDC, WHO), and the Bible.


Smolak, Linda, Levine, Michael P. (editors). The Wiley Handbook of Eating Disorders, Assessment, Prevention, Treatment, Policy, and

Future Directions. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2014

The Learn material:

  1. Tuomilehto, Jaakko, MD,M.A., P.H.D., Schwarz P, M.D., Lindström J, PHD. Long-term benefits from lifestyle interventions for type 2 diabetes prevention: Time to expand the efforts. Diabetes Care. 2011;34:S210-4.
  2. Williamson DF, Vinicor F, Bowman BA, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Primary Prevention,Working Group. Primary prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by lifestyle intervention: Implications for health policy. Ann Intern Med. 2004;140(11):951-7.
  3. Lawrence W Green, Frederick L Brancati, Ann Albright, the Primary Prevention of Diabetes Working Group, Primary prevention of type 2 diabetes: integrative public health and primary care opportunities, challenges and strategies, Family Practice, Volume 29, Issue suppl_1, April 2012, Pages i13–i23
  4. The Importance of Natural Experiments in Diabetes Prevention and Control and the Need for Better Health Policy Research :https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2013/12_0145.htm

Diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases in children and adolescents in the United States. In the pediatric population, the majority of new diabetes cases are type 1 diabetes. However, type 2 diabetes has become increasingly common in children and adolescents over the past two decades and appears to be a growing problem. Use your knowledge of type 2 diabetes in adults and sift through the current literature to determine the risk factors associated with the development of type 2 diabetes in youth and the complications that may occur in youth with this disease.

In your post, reference the Learn material for this module, along with other resources as necessary, to answer the following questions.

  1. Compare the various risk factors for and/or contributors to the development of type 2 diabetes between children and adults. Give special consideration to nutrition, physical activity, and environmental factors.
  2. What are the microvascular and macrovascular complications associated with type 2 diabetes?
  3. Based on the risk factors and complications associated with the increasing incidence of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents, develop five lifestyle targets that could be implemented in type 2 diabetes prevention programs for youth (example of a lifestyle target: “achieve weight loss >5%”).

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