When creating policy and legal statutes related to cyberwarfare and offensive cyber operations, consider the following:
Cyber operations can result in human harm. Targets of a cyberattack can include utilities, telecommunication, transportation, government, finance, and even medical industries, resulting in harm to innocent bystanders and noncombatants.
International humanitarian laws apply to cyber warfare. New weapons and methods of warfare, including cyber offensive campaigns, have repercussions in the international community and may violate certain human rights. Civilian populations must be protected.
Rules for operating in cyberspace are still being formed. Norms and acceptance of specific practices related to cyber operation are a work in progress. Attacks on what is believed to be a military base or network may impact civilian infrastructure as well.
Laws need to be evaluated for applicability to a specific incident or scenario. New laws may need to be created, and existing laws may need to be modified.
Nations and states may interpret laws and react to cyberattacks differently. Guidance from NATO, the US, and other nations may be completely ignored by other countries, depending upon the situation. We can never assume any country will follow the rules at hand or play fair.
Using the findings from the readings and research you conducted in Steps 1, 2, and 3 of this project, prepare a draft section providing a clear, well-organized legal foundation for your offensive cyber campaign. At a minimum, your draft must include or address the following components or topics:
The similarities and differences between traditional warfare and cyber warfare, from a legal perspective.
International foundational concepts supporting cyber warfare.
Specific applicable US and international code that align with and support your offensive cyber campaign, with an explanation of how and why they support your campaign.
A summary of at least two cyber law scenarios from the Cyber Law Toolkit. Summarize the legal analysis and specific real-world examples that align with the selected scenarios. For example, if you selected the cyberweapons scenario, you would summarize the legal analysis highlighting, in your own words, the key points and review, and then summarize Industroyer–Crash Override and Stuxnet examples.
This section should be two to three pages and follow APA style. Select details to note:
Your essay should be double-spaced and formatted to letter-sized paper (8.5″ x 11″), with one-inch margins on all sides.
Include a page header (“running head”) at the top of every page. For a professional paper, this includes your paper title and the page number.
Use standard sans serif fonts such as 11-point Calibri, 11-point Arial, and 10-point Lucida Sans Unicode, and/or standard serif fonts such as 12-point Times New Roman, 11-point Georgia, 10-point Computer Modern
Format all citations and references to conform to APA guidelines.
For additional details regarding APA formatting, please visit Purdue’s Online Writing Lab (OWL). The UMGC Writing Center also offers written feedback or live online advising with Writing Center tutors.
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