Chiang Kai-Shek

“We will strengthen our resolution to make the Republic of Korea a free country in the future.” – Chiang Kai-Shek at the Cairo Declaration in 1943.

Taiwan’s former president, Chiang Kai-shek, supported independence for South Korea, which lost its country during the Japanese colonial period in the past, and was a strong supporter of independence activists in South Korea.

The reason why Chiang Kai-shek’s positive attitude toward the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea changed was the “Shanghai Rebellion” incident in which Japanese generals, including General Shirakawa and Lieutenant General Nomura, were killed during the Japanese imperialist era. It is also famous for an anecdote in which Chiang Kai-shek said, “I am moved that a young man in Joseon did something that even a million troops in China could not do.” In 2013, a tribute was released to honor Dr. Yoon Bong-gil, whom Chiang Kai-shek showed special affection. Since Yun Bong-gil’s standing, the Republic of China has also been the only country to support Korea’s independence by providing huge funds for the independence movement to Kim Gu, the head of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.

Even after the Republic of Korea’s declaration of independence on August 15, Chiang Kai-shek’s support and affection for Korea did not boil. The first country that established diplomatic relations immediately after establishing the Korean government was the Republic of China (Taiwan). As such, Taiwan and the Republic of Korea were called “brothers’ countries” in the past and showed a more special relationship than any other country. Chiang Kai-shek was the first foreigner to receive the Order of Merit for the National Foundation of Korea.

On August 24, 1992, the “Cheongcheon 100th Diary Descending Ceremony” was held at the Chinese Embassy in Seoul. It was the day when South Korea officially took hands with Taiwan and China. The Embassy of the Republic of China had to leave Korea six hours after the national flag descent ceremony. The Embassy of the Republic of China was the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China, and the Cheongcheon 100th Diary was largely borrowed during the Oseong Red Flag.

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